The young but already world-famous Belgian architect Vincent Calleba (Vincent Callebaut) developed a unique concept of futuristic floating "ocean villages" -Aequorea. The project is particularly interesting in that for the construction of floating buildings they intend to use material that is practically improvised for today's ocean - a composite of recycled plastic waste and algae (algoplast). It is assumed that the base will be printed on a 3D printer, and in its shape and color will resemble fancy and colorful luminescent jellyfish.
The proposed concept is a kind of personal response of the architect to modern anthropogenic and social challenges associated with the depletion of natural resources and overpopulation of the planet. The project, as originally planned, aims to resolve long-term tensions between Western governments and African countries in terms of providing energy resources, so its construction is planned in the ocean off the coast of Rio de Janeiro.
Each cell of the "ocean village" will be about 500 meters in diameter and capable of accommodating up to 20 thousand inhabitants ("aquanaut"). To provide residents with food and water, it is planned to build specialized farms, a kind of hybrid farms located on above-ground open spaces. In addition, the self-sufficiency of water settlements will be provided by modern information and communication technologies. All residential structures are modular and will be able to combine work spaces, plant processing rooms, scientific laboratories, educational "hotels", sports fields, etc.
After the basic structures are built, these ecosystems can continue to grow independently using calcium carbonate contained in water to form an additional external skeleton, semi-permeable membranes to desalinate seawater, and microalgae to produce energy for heating and climate control. . Whole systemAequoreawill move the ocean waters like modern large submarines and ships.
Developed by Vincent Calleboy, the idea is not only a major architectural project. This is a holistic concept of a new, future-based, egalitarian, equal in status of each member, based on horizontal relations. Built on the model of "environmentally conscious entrepreneurship" as the socio-economic basis of utopian society, - according to the author of the idea.